Sustainable investment is interchangeable with social investment. They even share the same acronym: SRI.
As such, sustainable investment is when investors consider environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) criteria when evaluating investment opportunities. Their goal is to invest in companies with the ability to generate long-term financial returns on capital invested, in addition to creating positive social impact.
Sustainable businesses then are driven by the desire to create social or environmental value as well as business value. They aim to change the world for the better by changing global challenges into entrepreneurial business opportunities.